Aldous Huxley life and biography

Aldous Huxley picture, image, poster

Aldous Huxley biography

Date of birth : 1894-07-26
Date of death : 1963-11-22
Birthplace : Godalming, Surrey, England
Nationality : English
Category : Famous Figures
Last modified : 2011-06-28
Credited as : Writer and essayist, Brave New World, Oxford Poetry

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Aldous Leonard Huxley was an English writer and one of the most prominent members of the famous Huxley family. He spent the later part of his life in the United States, living in Los Angeles from 1937 until his death in 1963. Best known for his novels including Brave New World and a wide-ranging output of essays, Huxley also edited the magazine Oxford Poetry, and published short stories, poetry, travel writing, and film stories and scripts.

Born into a family of distinguished intellectuals on both sides of the family, he graduated from Oxford in 1916 and went to work as a writer. He published poems and worked odd jobs in the early 1920s, until his first novels, Crome Yellow (1921) and Antic Hay (1923), earned him a reputation among the London literati as a gifted and witty cynic. Brave New World warned that a future utopia based on technology and social control would be a nightmare, a theme that resonated with readers in Europe and the U.S. During the 1930s Huxley bolstered his reputation as an essayist, and his intellectual pursuits turned increasingly to Eastern mysticism. He moved to the United States in 1937 and settled in southern California, where he worked as a screenwriter (including the 1940 adaptation of Jane Austin's Pride and Prejudice) and studied eastern religions with Gerald Heard and Swami Prabhavananda. He also experimented with hallucinogens, specifically mescaline and LSD. His writings about his experiences, The Doors of Perception (1954) and Heaven and Hell (1956), helped make him a counterculture hero in the 1960s. On his deathbed from cancer, he reportedly had his wife inject him with LSD during his final moments. His other novels include Eyeless in Gaza (1936), Time Must Have a Stop (1944) and Island (1962).

Huxley's famous ancestors included, on his mother's side, poet Matthew Arnold, and, on his father's side, Thomas Henry Huxley, famous champion of Charles Darwin... An eye ailment left Huxley blind for part of his college career, and he was plagued by poor eyesight off and on his entire life... He died on the same day as John F. Kennedy and C.S. Lewis.


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