Smita Patil life and biography

Smita Patil picture, image, poster

Smita Patil biography

Date of birth : 1955-10-17
Date of death : 1986-12-13
Birthplace : Pune, India
Nationality : Indian
Category : Arts and Entertainment
Last modified : 2011-08-12
Credited as : Bollywood actress, ,

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Smita Patil was an Indian actress of film, television and theatre. Regarded among the finest stage and film actresses of her times, Patil appeared in over 75 Hindi and Marathi films in a career that spanned more than a sole decade. During her career, she received two National Film Awards, a Filmfare Award, and she was the recipient of the Padma Shri, India's fourth-highest civilian honor in 1985.

Patil graduated from the Film and Television Institute of India in Pune and made her film debut with Shyam Benegal's Charandas Chor (1975). She became one of the leading actresses of parallel cinema, a New Wave movement in India cinema, though she also appeared in several mainstream movies throughout her career. Her performances were often acclaimed, and her most notable roles include Manthan (1977), Bhumika (1977), Aakrosh (1980), Chakra (1981), Chidambaram (1985) and Mirch Masala (1985).

Apart from acting, Patil was an active feminist (in a distinctly Indian context) and a member of the Women's Centre in Mumbai. She was deeply committed to the advancement of women's issues, and gave her endorsement to films which sought to explore the role of women in traditional Indian society, their sexuality, and the changes facing the middle-class woman in an urban milieu.

Patil was married to actor Raj Babbar. She died on 13 December 1986 at the age of 31 due to childbirth complications. Over ten of her films released after her death. Her son, Prateik Babbar is a film actor who made his debut in 2008.
Smita Patil was born in Pune into a Marathi family to a Maharashtrian politician, Shivajirao Patil and social worker mother, from Shirpur town (Village-Bhatpure) of Khandesh province of Maharashtra State. She studied at Renuka swaroop Memorial high school in Pune. Her first tryst with the camera was in the 1970s as a television newscaster for Doordarshan ,the Indian government owned television service.

Smita Patil belongs to a generation of actresses, including Shabana Azmi and, like her, is strongly associated with the radically political cinema of the 1970s. Her work includes films with parallel cinema directors like Shyam Benegal, Govind Nihalani and Mrinal Sen as well as forays into the more commercial Hindi Film Industry cinema of Mumbai. Patil was working as a TV news reader and was also an accomplished photographer when Shyam Benegal discovered her.

She was an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune. In 1977, she won the National Award for Best Actress for her performance in the Hindi film Bhumika. In her films, Patil's character often represents an intelligent femininity that stands in relief against the conventional background of male-dominated cinema (films like Bhumika, Umbartha, and Bazaar). Smita Patil was also a women's rights activist and became famous for her roles in films that portrayed women as capable and empowered.

In time she was accepted by commercial filmmakers and from Raj Khosla and Ramesh Sippy to B.R. Chopra, they all agreed that she was excellent. Her fans, too, grew with her newfound stardom. Patil's glamorous roles in her more commercial films such as Shakti and Namak Halaal -- revealed the permeable boundaries between serious cinema and Hindi Cinema masala in the Hindi film industry.

Her association with artistic cinema remained strong, however. Her arguably greatest (and unfortunately final) role came when Smita re-teamed with Ketan Mehta to play the feisty and fiery Sonbai in Mirch Masala (1987). Smita won raves for playing a spirited spice-factory worker who stands up against a lecherous petty official.

When Patil became romantically involved with the actor Raj Babbar, Patil drew severe criticism from her fans and the media, clouding her personal life and throwing her into the eye of a media storm. Raj Babbar left his wife, Nadira Babbar to marry Patil.

Overnight, Patil was labeled a 'home-breaker' by the very Feminist organizations she had worked so assiduously for, and became the target of barbed criticism.
Smita died from childbirth complications on 13 December 1986, aged 31, barely two weeks after having given birth to her son, Prateik Babbar.

Nearly two decades later, one of India's greatest film directors, Mrinal Sen alleged that Smita Patil had died due to gross medical negligence.

Awards:
1978 - National Film Award - Best Actress for Bhumika
1982 - Filmfare Best Actress Award for Chakra
1982 - National Film Award - Best Actress for Chakra
1985 - Padma Shri Award

Nominated:
1978 - Filmfare Best Actress Award for Bhumika
1983 - Filmfare Best Actress Award for Bazaar
1984 - Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for Arth
1984 - Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for Mandi
1985 - Filmfare Best Actress Award for Aaj Ki Aawaz

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