Andre F. Cournand life and biography

Andre F. Cournand picture, image, poster

Andre F. Cournand biography

Date of birth : 1895-09-24
Date of death : 1988-02-19
Birthplace : Paris, France
Nationality : French
Category : Science and Technology
Last modified : 2011-08-22
Credited as : Physician, physiologist,

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André Frédéric Cournand was a French physician and physiologist.

André F. Cournand studied circulation of the blood, and advanced understanding and treatment for heart disease. He won the Nobel Prize in 1956, shared with his colleague Dickinson W. Richards and the German country doctor Werner Forssmann, for cardiac catheterization, in which a catheter is inserted through a vein into the heart. Cournand published about 100 papers on the cardiopulmonary system, and established better methods to measure cardiac output and blood pressure in the right heart and the pulmonary artery. He edited The American Journal of Physiology, became an American citizen in 1941, and served on the Chemical Warfare Service in World War II.

Many seats of medical research have recognized his work, and he has received the Anders Retzius Silver Medal of the Swedish Society for Internal Medicine (1946), the Lasker Award of the United States Public Health Association (1949), the John Philipps Memorial Award of the American College of Physicians (1952), the Gold Medal of the Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique and of the Académie Nationale de Médecine, Paris (1956). He was elected Doctor (honoris causa) of the Universities of Strasbourg (1957), Lyon (1958), Brussels (1959), Pisa (1961), and D.Sc. of the University of Birmingham (1961).

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