Chanticleer life and biography

Chanticleer picture, image, poster

Chanticleer biography

Date of birth : -
Date of death : -
Birthplace : San Francisco, California,U.S.
Nationality : American
Category : Arts and Entertainment
Last modified : 2012-04-19
Credited as : Classical vocal ensemble, Renaissance music, known as an Orchestra of Voices

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Based in San Francisco, California, Chanticleer is a full-time classical vocal ensemble in the United States. Over the last three decades, it has developed a major reputation for its interpretations of Renaissance music, but it also performs a wide repertoire of jazz, gospel, and other venturesome new music and is widely known as an "Orchestra of Voices". It was named for the "clear singing rooster" in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales.

Begun as a way for musicology student Louis Botto to rediscover music from the Renaissance period and have it heard, Chanticleer, the only independent full-time classical vocal ensemble in the United States, developed into much more. In addition to a mastery of the male-sung Renaissance genre, Gregorian chant, opera, jazz, gospel, and twentieth-century pop became hallmarks of the group's repertoire. Performances worldwide and over 20 successful CD releases helped the group gain international recognition. The 12 men of Chanticleer handle the full range of vocal parts--including soprano and alto, which are sung in a developed falsetto--without the help of a conductor. "They are, to put it directly, one of the world's best," wrote one San Francisco Chronicle critic in comments included in Chanticleer promotional materials.

Botto, a graduate student in musicology, found it strange that the music he was studying--vocal music from the Renaissance period--was never performed. In 1978, he gathered some fellow singers around a dining room table and proposed an idea. He had decided to start a group to sing this forgotten music using male voices in the Renaissance tradition. He plucked friends from the San Francisco Symphony Chorus and Grace Cathedral's Choir of Men and Boys to form the first group of nine men. The ensemble began rehearsals for their debut performance at San Francisco's historic Mission Dolores. Named for the "clear-singing" rooster from Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, the group performed music that would become part of Chanticleer's repertoire. Before an enthusiastic, capacity audience, the ensemble performed works by Byrd, Isaac, Ockeghem, Morales, Morley, Dufay, and Josquin. After the successful show, the men agreed to commit to Chanticleer with a goal to perform at least three concerts per year.

The group initially performed on arduous tours of the United States for little money. Botto, a proficient cook, often bragged he could cook dinner for the entire Chanticleer ensemble for less than $50. The size of the group fluctuated during its first years, but the group settled on 12 singers, the number which provided the best flexibility to perform their varied repertoire; since its start, more than 65 men have been part of the Chanticleer ensemble. At San Francisco's Festival of the Masses in 1980, esteemed American choral director Robert Shaw heard Chanticleer perform and declared it "one of the most beautiful experiences of my life." In 1983, countertenor Joseph Jennings joined Chanticleer and had such a positive influence on the group as a whole that the other members soon asked him to become Chanticleer's first music director.

Chanticleer's success grew steadily, and the men were invited to their first overseas performance, which took place in Belgium at the International Josquin Symposium in 1984. International travel would become a mainstay for Chanticleer, which became regular fixtures at such European festivals as the Salzburg Festival, Austria; the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival, Germany; the Brisbane Biennial Festival of Music, Australia; the Taipei International Choral Festival, Taiwan; and the Voices Festival, Netherlands. They have also performed in a variety of venues worldwide, everywhere from the world's finest concert halls to a barn in Canada, a roofless church in Germany, and New York's Central Park.

Though Chanticleer were among the only performers of Renaissance-period music, they found no interest from record labels in recording and releasing their work. As a result, in 1998, the Chanticleer Records label was founded and the first release, The Anniversary Album, was a tenth-anniversary celebration recording by the group. Chanticleer released ten records on their own label including On the Air: Live Radio Highlights, Psallite!: A Renaissance Christmas, Antoine Brumel: Missa Berzerette savoyenne,and With a Poet's Eye: New American Choral Music. In 1994, they signed an exclusive contract with Teldec Classics International, which gave the group the international exposure it needed. Teldec released Chanticleer albums as diverse as Gregorian chant, gospel music, and folk songs to over 60 countries worldwide.

By 1991, Chanticleer was financially stable enough to hire all 12 members as full-time employees. The move freed the group to perform and rehearse more frequently. Chanticleer performs over 100 concerts per year, spending about half its time on the road, and rehearses five hours per day, five days a week. Jennings told the New York Times how a Chanticleer singer is chosen and how each member flavors the group: "It's a clear sound but one that has lots of color to it," Jennings said. "We choose singers who are flexible vocally and stylistically, and incorporate all the voices into the total fabric. We try to be as authentic as we can to each style, but we color that authenticity with our twentieth-century American existence." Botto's death in 1997 was a great loss to the group. He had sung with Chanticleer from 1978 to 1989 and served as its artistic director until his death.

Though Chanticleer's roots were in Renaissance music, the group came to perform and record a diverse body of work. Jennings' inventive arrangements of gospel and pop music became part of the group's repertoire. In 1994, the ensemble performed a fully-staged version of Benjamin Britten's opera Curlew River.Chanticleer twice performed and recorded previously unknown work by Mexican composers Manuel de Zumaya and Ignacio de Jerusalem with an orchestra specializing in period-instrument performance. Mexican Baroque,was released in 1994, and Jerusalem: Matins for the Virgin of Guadalupe was released in 1998. Chanticleer teamed up with the London Studio Orchestra and the Don Haas Trio to record an album of pop and jazz standards called Lost in the Stars, released in 1996. An American Record Guidecritic called 1997's Wondrous Love, a collection of folk songs, "brilliant, yet intimate" with "clever arrangements" and "superb musicianship with clean-as-a-whistle vocalism."

Though most Chanticleer concerts are a cappella performances, the group demonstrated its versatility and talent through a number of creative and sometimes unusual collaborations. The group has shared a stage with orchestras such as the New York Philharmonic, the San Francisco Symphony, and the Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra, as well as with Japanese dancers Eiko and Koma and jazz legend George Shearing. The ensemble commissioned many new works from contemporary classical composers including David Conte, Anthony Davis, Morton Gould, Bernard Rands, Steve Sametz, and Augusta Read Thomas. Composer Chen Yi was the group's composer-in-residence from 1993 to 1996. Chanticleer's 1999 release, Colors of Love, is a collection of works by these composers which earned a Grammy Award for Best Small Ensemble Performance in 2000.

Current singers:
Eric Alatorre (Bass)
Brian Hinman (Tenor)
Casey Breves (Countertenor, soprano pitch)
Michael Axtell (Bass)
Kory Reid (Countertenor, soprano pitch)
Ben Jones (Tenor)
Gregory Peebles (Countertenor, soprano pitch)
Alan Reinhardt (Countertenor, alto pitch)
Cortez Mitchell (Countertenor, alto pitch)
Adam Ward (Countertenor, alto pitch)
Matthew Curtis (Tenor)
Matthew Knickman (Baritone)

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