Emile Baudot life and biography

Emile Baudot picture, image, poster

Emile Baudot biography

Date of birth : 1845-09-11
Date of death : 1903-03-28
Birthplace : Magneux, France
Nationality : French
Category : Arhitecture and Engineering
Last modified : 2011-09-27
Credited as : inventor, Baudet code, single coded words

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French inventor Emile Baudot developed the Baudet code, a five-bit binary system that could map complete phrases as single coded words. This made his system economical and efficient for telegraphy and telex transmissions, and allowed Baudet Code, introduced in 1874, to quickly supersede and replace Morse code. Baudet's system was the international standard in surface and undersea telegraph and telex communications until the early 1930s, but faded from use as new, higher-tech forms of communications were introduced. It has reflourished in telecommunications devices for the deaf (TDDs) and some ham radio applications.

Baudot also invented multiplex printing telegraphs with, first, the ability to transmit two messages at once, and eventually the ability to concurrently send separate messages from six senders to six recipients, over one set of wires. Remarkably, he had only a grade school education, no pertinent training and no noted mechanical inclination, before he was hired by the French Administration of Posts and Telegraphs in 1869. He worked for the agency until his death in 1903. The word "baud", the measure of symbols or data transmitted per second, was coined in 1926 to honor Baudot's work.

Honors:

1881 - Diploma of Honor from the International Electrical Exposition.
1882 - Gold medal from the Société d'Encouragement pour l'Industrie Nationale (SEIN)
1889 - Ampere Medal from SEIN
1878 - Knight's Cross of the Légion d'honneur
1882 - Knight of the Order of Leopold
1884 - Knight of the Order of Franz Joseph of Austria.
1891 - Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy
1898 - Promoted to Officier of the Légion d'honneur
1900 - Knight of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Italy)
1901 - Knight of the Order of the Crown of Italy

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