Hank Garland life and biography

Hank Garland picture, image, poster

Hank Garland biography

Date of birth : 1930-11-11
Date of death : 2004-12-27
Birthplace : Cowpens, South Carolina
Nationality : American
Category : Famous Figures
Last modified : 2011-02-03
Credited as : Country jazz musician, Midnight, Jazz Winds From a New Direction

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Walter Louis Garland , better known as Hank Garland, was a Nashville studio musician who performed with Elvis Presley, Patsy Cline, Roy Orbison and many others.

Hank Garland, Nashville's busiest country guitar picker who, with little warning, made a superb jazz album in mid-career and seemed headed for jazz stardom until an auto accident left him unable to perform. As a jazz performer, Garland had a fertile melodic and harmonic imagination and a sound that had apparently honed to the gospel of tone and attack according to Charlie Christian -- with some Les Paul mixed in and more than a touch of Bud Powell's influence as well. But even on his country records (check out Red Foley's sublime "Midnight" and "Hearts of Stone"), Garland's urbane jazz and blues sensibilities can be felt.

Cowpens is a rural suburb of Spartanburg, S.C., and while growing up there, Garland absorbed country music from Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith and Mother Maybelle Carter on the radio, eventually switching from banjo to guitar. He joined the Grand Ole Opry at 15 in 1945, signed with Decca in 1949 as a solo artist, and appeared on innumerable Nashville recording sessions while jamming privately in local clubs. In July 1960, Garland came forward as a jazz musician, organizing a combo that was scheduled to play the Newport Jazz Festival but found itself on the sidelines after riots closed the festival.

The following year, Garland's jazz debut on record, Jazz Winds From a New Direction, astonished both jazz and country circles, and a follow-up album, The Unforgettable Guitar of Hank Garland, was issued. But in September 1961, a near fatal auto accident robbed Garland of a good deal of his coordination and memory. He died on December 27, 2004.


* After the Riot at Newport (with The Nashville All-Stars) (1960)
* Velvet Guitar (1960)
* Jazz Winds From a New Direction (1961)
* The Unforgettable Guitar of Hank Garland (1962)
* Holiday for the Harp (with the Daphne Hellman Quartet)

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