Ingrid Bergman life and biography

Ingrid Bergman picture, image, poster

Ingrid Bergman biography

Date of birth : 1915-08-29
Date of death : 1982-08-29
Birthplace : Stockholm, Sweden
Nationality : Swedish
Category : Arts and Entertainment
Last modified : 2010-06-16
Credited as : Actress, appered in Casablanca, Intermezzo

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Ingrid Bergman born August 29, 1915 in Stockholm, Sweden - died August 29, 1982 in London, England was a Swedish actress.


"Sidelights"

Swedish-born actress Ingrid Bergman is considered one of the finest performers of the twentieth century. Revered for her beauty, honesty, and resilience in the face of both personal and professional crises, she earned three Academy Awards for her acting and appeared in some of the most popular films in history, including Casablanca, For Whom the Bell Tolls, Notorious, and Anastasia. In addition to her movie roles, Bergman earned acclaim for her work in theater and television.

Bergman was twenty-three years old when she moved to Hollywood from her native Sweden in 1938. Her first American role was in David O. Selznick's 1939 film Intermezzo, and in the decade that followed she became one of the most famous stars in the movie industry, playing opposite such leading men as Humphrey Bogart, Gary Cooper, and Cary Grant. At the height of her popularity, however, Bergman chose to leave her husband and daughter for Italian director Roberto Rossellini. Intrigued by Rossellini's avant-garde movies, Bergman had approached the director about working together. Rossellini invited her to Italy, and the relationship quickly blossomed into a love affair. Bergman's actions created an enormous scandal; her fans, who perhaps confused the actress with the chaste, virtuous women she portrayed in movies such as The Bells of St. Mary's and Joan of Arc, were outraged. Despite such condemnation--she was even denounced on the floor of the U.S. Senate--Bergman refused to apologize for her decision. During the 1950s she remained in Italy, making movies with Rossellini, marrying him, and having three children by him. The films that Bergman and Rossellini made were failures, though, and their marriage ended in divorce. Bergman, eventually forgiven by both Hollywood and the public, returned to America to continue her career. Among the projects she appeared in during the last two decades of her career were Murder on the Orient Express, a movie for which she won an Oscar, Autumn Sonata, a film directed by famed Swedish filmmaker Ingmar Bergman, and A Woman Called Golda, a television movie about former Israeli prime minister Golda Meir. Bergman died of cancer in 1982.

In her 1980 autobiography, My Story, Bergman relates her meteoric rise to fame, the tumultuous years during the early 1950s when she was scorned by her fans and exiled from Hollywood, and her subsequent, triumphant return to America in 1956 to receive her second Oscar, for Anastasia. She also describes her love of acting and her disappointment over the unsuccessful movies she made with Rossellini. Critics praised Bergman for presenting her life in a simple, straightforward manner and for refusing to make hostile, bitter remarks about her enemies. Writing in the Washington Post Book World, Larry Swindell noted that "Ingrid Bergman is without rancor in this memoir, even though she may be entitled to a lot of it. Where `getting even' seems to motivate so many star biographies, Bergman is astonishingly gracious even toward those who were her tormenters." Likewise, Time reviewer Eve Auchincloss commented that Bergman "writes about her ordeals ... without drama, self-pity or blame."


PERSONAL INFORMATION

Born August 29, 1915, in Stockholm, Sweden; died of cancer August 29, 1982, in London, England; daughter of Justus (a painter and photographer) and Friedel (Adler) Bergman; married Peter Lindstrom (a physician), July 10, 1937 (divorced, 1950); married Roberto Rossellini (a film director), May 24, 1950 (divorced); married Lars Schmidt (a theatrical producer), December 21, 1958 (divorced, 1975); children: (first marriage) Pia (name later changed to Jennie Ann); (second marriage) Roberto, Isabella, Ingrid. Education: Attended School of the Royal Dramatic Theatre, Stockholm, Sweden, 1933-34.

AWARDS

Academy Award ( "Oscar") for best actress from Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, 1944, for Gaslight, and 1956, for Anastasia; "Oscar" for best supporting actress, 1974, for Murder on the Orient Express; Antoinette Perry ( "Tony") Award for best actress, 1947, for Joan of Lorraine; Emmy Award for best actress from Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, 1960, for The Turn of the Screw.

CAREER

Appeared in motion pictures, including Intermezzo, 1939, Casablanca, 1942, For Whom the Bell Tolls, 1943, Gaslight, 1944, The Bells of St. Mary's, 1945, Notorious, 1946, Joan of Arc, 1948, Anastasia, 1956, Murder on the Orient Express, 1974, and Autumn Sonata, 1978. Appeared in plays, including Joan of Lorraine, 1946.
Appeared in television films, including The Turn of the Screw, 1959, and A Woman Called Golda, 1982.

WRITINGS:

* (With Alan Burgess) Ingrid Bergman: My Story (autobiography), Delacorte, 1980.

Films as Actress

* 1934: Munkbrogreven (The Count of Monk's Bridge) (Adolphson and Wallen) (as Elsa)
* 1935: Brannigar (Ocean Breakers; The Surf) (Johansson) (as Karin Ingman)
* 1935: Swedenhielms (The Family Swedenhielms) (Molander) (as Astrid)
* 1935: Valborgsmassoafton (Walpurgis Night) (Edgren) (as Lena Bergstrom)
* 1936: Pa solsidan (On the Sunny Side) (Molander) (as Eva Bergh)
* 1936: Intermezzo (Molander) (as Anita Hoffman)
* 1938: Dollar (Molander) (as Julia Balzar)
* 1938: En kvinnas ansikte (A Woman's Face) (Molander) (as Anna Holm)
* 1938: Die vier gesellen (The Four Companions) (Frölich) (as Marianne)
* 1939: En enda natt (Only One Night) (Molander) (as Eva)
* 1939: Intermezzo (A Love Story) (Ratoff) (as Anita Hoffman)
* 1940: Juninatten (A Night in June) (Lindberg)
* 1941: Adam Had Four Sons (Ratoff) (as Emilie Gallatin)
* 1941: Rage in Heaven (W. S. Van Dyke) (as Stella Bergen)
* 1941: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (Fleming) (as Ivy Peterson)
* 1942: Casablanca (Curtiz) (as Ilsa)
* 1943: For Whom the Bell Tolls (Wood) (as Maria)
* 1943: Swedes in America (Lerner)
* 1944: Gaslight (Cukor) (as Paula Alquist)
* 1945: Saratoga Trunk (Wood) (as Clio Dulaine)
* 1945: Spellbound (Hitchcock) (as Dr. Constance Peterson)
* 1945: The Bells of St. Mary's (McCarey) (as Sister Benedict)
* 1946: Notorious (Hitchcock) (as Alicia Huberman)
* 1948: Arch of Triumph (Milestone) (as Joan Madou)
* 1948: Joan of Arc (Fleming) (title role)
* 1949: Under Capricorn (Hitchcock) (as Lady Henrietta Considine)
* 1950: Stromboli (Rossellini) (as Karin)
* 1951: Europa '51 (The Greatest Love) (Rossellini) (as Irene Girard)
* 1953: Siamo donne (We, the Women) (Rossellini)
* 1954: Giovanna d'Arco al rogo (Joan at the Stake) (Rossellini)
* 1954: Viaggio in Italia (Journey to Italy; The Lonely Woman) (Rossellini) (as Katherine Joyce)
* 1955: Angst (La Paura; Fear) (Rossellini)
* 1956: Anastasia (Litvak) (title role)
* 1957: Elena et les hommes (Paris Does Strange Things) (Renoir) (title role)
* 1958: Indiscreet (Donen) (as Ann Kalman)
* 1958: Inn of the Sixth Happiness (Robson) (as Gladys Aylward)
* 1961: Aimez-vous Brahms?; (Goodbye Again) (Litvak) (as Paula Tessier)
* 1964: Der Besuch (The Visit) (Wicki) (as Karla Zachanassian)
* 1965: The Yellow Rolls-Royce (Asquith) (as Mrs. Gerda Millett)
* 1967: Stimulantia ("Smycket" or "The Necklace" ep.) (Molander)
* 1969: Cactus Flower (Saks) (as Stephanie Dickinson)
* 1970: A Walk in the Spring Rain (Green) (as Cissy Meredith)
* 1970: Henri Langlois (Hershon and Guerra)
* 1973: From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler (Cook)
* 1974: Murder on the Orient Express (Lumet)
* 1976: A Matter of Time (Minnelli)
* 1978: Autumn Sonata (Ingmar Bergman) (as Charlotte)

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