Nils Bohlin life and biography

Nils Bohlin picture, image, poster

Nils Bohlin biography

Date of birth : 1920-07-17
Date of death : 2002-09-26
Birthplace : Harnosand, Sweden
Nationality : Swedish
Category : Science and Technology
Last modified : 2011-09-30
Credited as : inventor, three-point safety belt, Volvo

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Nils Bohlin was a Swedish inventor who invented the three-point safety belt while working at Volvo. He studied the efficiencies and dangers of seat belts, and developed the three-point seal belt while working for Volvo in the late 1950s. The three-point design extends over both lap and chest, with a single belt anchored to the auto's frame by three connections. This is far superior to the previous two-point design, where a single belt stretched over the passenger's lap and could cause serious abdominal injuries in a crash. Shoulder harness belts had been available prior to Bohlin's invention, but only as an expensive accessory, and requiring wearers to buckle into two separate restraints.

Bohlin's design, now standard worldwide, uses one continuous piece of fabric for both the lap and chest restraint, allowing passengers to buckle both with just one motion. It dissipates impact force far better than the two-point designs, shielding passengers from serious injuries and better preventing bodily ejection in accidents. Studies suggest that the three-point design reduces car crash fatalities by about 45%, and it is estimated to have saved more than a million lives between its introduction in 1959 and Bohlin's death in 2002.

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