Raymond Chandler life and biography

Raymond Chandler picture, image, poster

Raymond Chandler biography

Date of birth : 1888-07-23
Date of death : 1959-03-26
Birthplace : Chicago, Illinois, United States
Nationality : American
Category : Famous Figures
Last modified : 2011-07-18
Credited as : Novelist, and screenwriter,

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Raymond Chandler was an American novelist and screenwriter.

Raymond Thornton Chandler was a founder (with Dashiell Hammett and James M. Cain) of the hard-boiled school of mystery fiction. His detective hero Philip Marlowe, a tough and handsome urban loner, was much imitated by other mystery writers and in film noir movies. Chandler didn't begin writing seriously until he was nearly 45 years old; from 1922 to 1932 Chandler was an accountant and manager for the Dabney Oil Syndicate in Los Angeles. (Nearly all of the Marlowe stories were set in Los Angeles, considered an unusual setting at the time.) Chandler's early short stories were published in pulp magazines like Black Mask and he later wrote seven complete novels, the most famous of which are The Big Sleep (1939), Farewell, My Lovely (1940) and The Long Goodbye (1953). He also did some writing for films, including Billy Wilder's Double Indemnity (1944, based on Cain's novel) and Alfred Hitchcock's Strangers On A Train (1951). Chandler was given the Edgar Allan Poe Award by the Mystery Writers of America in 1946 and 1954.

Chandler fought with the Canadian Army in World War I... His wife, Cissy, was 18 years older than Chandler... Months after her death he attempted suicide (by pistol) but failed... Chandler's unfinished novel Poodle Springs was completed by mystery writer Robert B. Parker in 1989.

Author of books:

The Big Sleep (1939, novel, Marlowe)
Farewell, My Lovely (1940, novel, Marlowe)
The High Window (1942, novel, Marlowe)
The Lady in the Lake (1943, novel, Marlowe)
The Long Goodbye (1954, novel, Marlowe)
Playback (1958, novel, Marlowe)

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